History of Thirukadaiyur Temple
Sri Abirami Amman Sametha Sri
Amirthakadeswarar Temple is located at THIRUKADAVOOR
Tanjore District 18 Kms away from Mayiladuthurai. This temple
is maintained and controlled by DHARMAPURAM
Among the Eight Veeratanam (Avatharams)
of Lord Shiva this is the Eighth Veeratanam. The ancient
tamil poets named Thirunavukkarasar, Sundarar and
Thirugnanasambandar wrote and praised this Temple. This temple
is facing to the West. More than that this Temple having Pinjalam
and Vilvam Tree as Thala Virtcha (each temple have a particular
unique type of trees).
In ancient time Devas and
Asuras were found the Amirtham at Thiruparkadal
while they tried to segregate the Amirtham between them
they forgot to worship the First and Foremost God of Hindus Lord Ganesh (Lord Ganesh
in southern regions of India also called as Vinayakar). For
this reason Lord Ganesh got angry
and hided the Amirthakalasam (full of Amirtham in a Kalasam)
at this temple found by the Devas and Asuras at Thiruparkadal.
Later on the
Amirthakalasam become as SIVALINGAM in this temple. Hence
this temple Moolavar was briefly known as
AMIRTHAKADESWARAR (Amirtham + Kadam). For this kind of incident
from Lord Ganesh the temple has an separate
Sannathi for Lord Ganesh as known as KALLAVINAYAKAR.
This Kallavinagayar as praised by
Abiramibatter in Kallavaram.
The Kungliyanayanar and Kariyanayanar
among the 63 Nayanmars were done Sivathondu (service to Lord Siva).
While the ruling period of King Saraboji, Goddess Abirami Ambal
made Amavasai (Moonless Night) into Pournami (Fullmoon
day) for a Devottee named Abirami Batter and for this
Abirami Batter praised the Goddess Abirami Ambal’s
Way To Thirukadaiyur
Chennai -> Pondicherry = 150 km Pondicherry -> Cuddalore =
20 km Cuddalore -> Chidambaram = 50 km Chidambaram ->
Sirkazhi = 23 km Sirkazhi -> Mayiladuthurai = 16 km
Mayiladuthurai -> Thirukadaiyur = 18 km Start off from
Chennai, take the East Coast Road (ECR) and travel towards
Pondicherry. From there on, you’ll find boards till you
reach Thirukadaiyur. East Coast Road...
East Coast Road Total Time: 6-1/2 hours, including around 45
minutes break (average around 100 KMPH speed) Until
Pondicherry the drive is pleasant with good roads. After
Cuddalore, roads are a little narrow and the last stretch
from Mayiladuthurai (old name: Mayavaram) to Thirukadaiyur
is a little crowded.
Vaitheeshwaran Temple  [add listing]See
We passed Vaitheeshwaran temple in Mayiladuthurai on the way
- Lord Rama and Lakshmana were supposed to have worshipped
Lord Shiva here. The Lord here is supposed to cure many
Thirukadaiyur Temple  [add listing]Do
In and around Thirukadaiyur: Not only temple the place
offers.. places like Chidambaram boating, Poompuhar beach,
Karaikkal beach and light house, Tarangampadi fort, are
worth visiting, if some travels for sucha long travel...
View Larger Map
(thirukadaiyur) Larger map
One of the Eight Viraattanams (Avadharams)
of Lord Siva. This temple belongs to Dharmapuram Aadinam (Mutt).
This temple deities are sung by the three Tamil Trinities i.e, Appar,
Sundar and Thirugna . Thirukkadaiyur is further purified by the holy
trees like Pinchilam (2000 Years Old Tree) and Bael tree (Vilvam
Thirukadaiyur is the place where Lord Shiva has bestowed immortality
to Sri Maarkandaya and best owed with Ever Sixteen Age (16). For
example Lord himself killed the God Yaksha (Yaman) and saved his
votary’s life. He has also bestowed yama with the Absolution for the
sake of the Goddess Bhumadevi. Here the Lord killed Yama, for the
sake of his votary and has known as Lord Mirthunjayamoorthi. Hence,
people perform Shastiapthapoorthi at the begininning of 61st Age of
their Star Birthday, Bheemaradha Shanthi at the beginning of 70th
Age of their Star Birthday and Sadabishegam at the beginning of 80th
Age of their Star Birthday. Other important functions take place
here are Ayush-Homam for Children to remove the future Astrolgical
difficulties arising from Navagrahas. If anybody is suffering from
serious disease and is in the verge of their lives, Mirthunja-Homam
is performed here to Lord to save their lives and to relieve them
from all illness. This is a proven fact.It is the place where two
out of the 63 Naayanmars Viz., Gungiliya Naayanar and Kaari Naayanar
were rendering services to get the blessings of the Lord.
Before taking Amirtham from Paarkadal, the Devas and Asuras did not
pray the first God Vinayaga (Lord Ganesha). He got angry and had
stolen the Amirthakalasa and hided it somewhere. It later on became
Siva Lingam and hence the Moolavar is known as Amirtham + Kadam and
briefly known as Lord Amirthakadeswarar. God Vinayaga has hided the
Amirtha kalasam. Hence he gets the name Kallavaaranam. The famous
votary of Lordess Abirami, the Abirami Butter has sung Pathigam and
Andhadhi on the first God Kalavaranam. It has its own significance.
The Lordess Abirami has come as Amman Sakthi from Lord Mahavishnu's
During the Rule of the King Saraboji, Lordess Abirami, for the sake
of her votary Abirami Butter, has thrown her stud (Thaadangam)
towards the sky during the new moon day. The stud later become round
shaped and the new moon day turned into a full-moon Day (Pournami).
The votary Abirami Butter has sung the famous"Abirami Andhadhi"
praising Lordess Abirami to save him from death, sentenced by the
King. Lordess Abirami excused the king and gave her blessings to the
votary. This historical story further blossoms Thirukadaiyur. In the
Tamil Calendar, during the month of Kaarthigai (Viruchiga Month), on
each and every Monday during Somavarams, the Priests performs "Sankaa-Abishegam"
with 1008 Sankus to the Deities for get the blessings for the
welfare of the people.
Another famous ocassion is "Yama-Samharam" which takes place
annually during the first month of the Tamil year Chithirai (Mesha
Month) during Magam Star. This is being celebrated as Lord Shiva
killed Yama, in order to save the life of his votary Maakandeyar.
Thirukadaiyur has its own significant place in the History of
TamilNadu and is one of the ancient temple in the place.